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What are Nasal Polyps

What are Nasal Polyps?

What are Nasal Polyps? Nasal Polyps, also known as Nasal Polyposis are the fleshy outgrowths that develop in the lining of the nose and paranasal sinuses, the air-filled spaces linked to the nasal cavity.

Nasal Polyps differs in their size and can be of various colors such as yellowish-brown or pink. Generally, the nasal polyps are teardrops shaped in the beginning and take the shape of the matured grapes grown on a stem at a later stage. Nasal Polyps are non-cancerous in nature.

Common Symptoms of Nasal Polyps

The most common symptoms of Nasal Polyps include-

  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Stuffed or blocked nose
  • Postnasal drip
  • Continuous sneezing and running nose
  • Difficulty in smelling
  • Loss of taste and mild facial pain
  • Various kind of sinus infections

Some common facts about the Nasal Polyps

Are still wondering about ‘what are nasal polyps’ and the facts associated with it?  If so, below are some of the facts that help in understanding the conditions better-

  • Nasal Polyps are much more common in men than women
  • One of the common effects of nasal polyps is the sleep apnea in the sufferers
  • In many cases, nasal polyps do not present any symptoms, which makes it difficult to know exactly how common they are
  • Nasal polyps are not specific to age and they can arise at any age

What if the Nasal Polyps get complicated?

Nasal polyps are generally associated with inflammation of the lining of the nasal passages and prolonged sinuses. It is essential to identify the symptoms and get them treated in time as the complications can lead to-

  • Chronic sinusitis leading to asthma
  • Change in the natural shape of your nose
  • Discomfort in breathing due to increased susceptibility to sinus infections
  • Obstructive sleep apnea in which the sufferer stop and start breathing frequently during sleep
  • Vision troubles such as double vision, reduced vision or limited ability to move the eyes
  • Severe swelling around the eyes leading to headaches

How to treat Nasal Polyps

Although Nasal polyps can be difficult to get rid of permanently, below are some of the effective ways to treat the condition-

  • Use of steroid sprays and drops

Under the guidance of a qualified GP, using the nose drops or a nasal spray containing steroid medicine (corticosteroids), help in reducing inflammation. This eventually leads to shrinking of polyps.

  • Steroid tablets

In case of large polyps and recurrent symptoms, a short course of steroid tablets recommended by a specialist can be effective in treating polyps.

  • Surgery

Surgery might be a recommended way to remove Polyps if the steroid medication and nasal sprays don’t work.

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