The Causes of Nasal Polyps

Nasal polyps are benign growths at the lining of the nose or sinuses. These benign tumors are similar to the small sacs that can appear inside the nose or sinuses. The nasal polyps are made up of inflamed tissues and can grow to be large enough to cause blockages in the airways, which in turn can lead to trouble breathing.  The causes of nasal polyps can be triggered by many reasons such as chronic or recurring sinus infections, asthma, hay fever, or cystic fibrosis.  

Nasal polyps, if left untreated, can lead to more serious issues. It is essential to identify the causes of nasal polyps to treat them effectively. Tell you doctor if you have trouble breathing or any other symptoms.  The polyps grow in inflamed tissue of nasal mucosa.  The nasal mucosa is a very wet layer that helps protect the inside of your nose, sinuses, and humidifies the breathing air.  Although the nasal polyps can occur at any age, there are some people who can develop polyps with no previous nasal problems.

There are several triggers that can cause nasal polyps. Among the causes of  Nasal Polyps, the major ones are-

-Extreme sensitivity to non-steroidal, anti-inflammatory drugs.

-Ibuprofen or aspirin may produce an allergy-like response to anti-inflammation

-An infection or allergy-induced irritation can lead to the swelling of the nasal mucosa, this leads to the dripping of fluids. With prolonged irritation,  mucosa leads to the formation of the nasal polyp that can block nasal passages and cause breathing troubles.

-Chronic or recurring sinus infections

-Problem of asthma

-Severe condition of allergic rhinitis, or hay fever

-Cystic fibrosis

-In some cases, the cause of nasal polyps can be hereditary.  This may be due to the way their genes cause mucosa to react to inflammation

Other Causes of  Nasal Polyps

Other than the above-mentioned causes for Nasal Polyps, Nasal polyps are generally associated with inflammation of the lining of the nasal passages.  Prolonged sinuses lasting for more than 12 weeks may also cause polyps. It is essential to identify the symptoms and get them treated by a Doctor as soon as possible.

 

 
 
 
 
 
 

(credits: “Nasal Polyps” video by Osmosis.org is licensed under cc-by-sa 4.0)
 

Common Symptoms of Nasal Polyps

The most common symptoms of Nasal Polyps include-

-Difficulty in breathing

-Stuffed or blocked nose

-Postnasal drip

-Continuous sneezing and running nose

-Difficulty in smelling

-Loss of taste and mild facial pain

-Various kind of sinus infections